⚠ 8 habits that can lead to deafness 😱
Ear is an organ that accompanies us throughout our lives, but the data shows that hearing damage is getting younger and younger. We have summarized eight reasons for ear canal damage based on the data to see if you often do these:
Prolonged exposure to high-intensity noise
Wearing headphones at high volume for a long time, frequent disco dancing and going to KTV all belong to long-term exposure to high-intensity noise.
Short-range, long-term, high-intensity noise exposure not only damages our cochlear hair cells, but also affects other structures of auditory conduction, resulting in tinnitus and hearing loss.
No matter what kind of headphones we wear, we must remember the "60-60-60" principle, that is, the volume should not exceed 60% of the total volume, the listening time should not exceed 60 minutes each time, and the outside sound should preferably not exceed 60 decibels.
Frequent picking ears
If you are used to picking your ears, unclean tools can easily allow bacteria to enter the ear canal, increase the chance of infection, cause damage to the wall of the ear canal, and seriously damage the middle ear and inner ear, resulting in varying degrees of hearing loss and even deafness. In fact, when the cerumen (earwax) grows enough, it will fall off by itself, so there is no need to dig it out.
Sudden deafness patients are mostly 25-40 years old, mainly related to excessive mental stress and irregular life and rest. In the early stage of the disease, symptoms such as tinnitus and ear fullness usually appear, and long-term mental stress may cause deafness.
Some antibiotics, such as gentamicin, streptomycin, kanamycin, neomycin, etc., carry a certain risk of ototoxicity. Common deaf drugs are mostly neurotoxic drugs, which need to enter the central nervous system to produce ototoxicity. The detoxification function of the elderly is low, and the application of these drugs is more likely to cause ototoxicity and damage to hearing.
In addition, children's nervous system is not fully developed, and the blood-brain barrier is highly permeable. Many drugs are easily penetrated. A very small amount of ototoxic drugs can cause serious consequences. Parents should avoid using them as much as possible. And there is no good treatment for drug-induced deafness for the time being. It is best to detect and prevent it in advance.
Inadvertent swallowing while flying
During the take-off or landing stage, the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the ear drum is large, and people who have been flying for a long time are prone to aviation otitis media. When taking off or landing the plane should pay attention to swallowing to prevent aviation otitis media.
Not paying attention to checking your ears before and after swimming
Water entering or choking in the ear canal during swimming may cause acute suppurative otitis media and otitis externa, which is common in children. Common symptoms are stuffy ears, pain, hearing loss, suppuration and so on. Swimming pool water has a lot of bacteria, so check your ears before and after swimming.
Blowing/sniffing nose too hard
If you suck the snot too hard, part of the snot will be squeezed into the pharyngeal duct, which may easily lead to secretory otitis media or cholesteatoma-type suppurative otitis media. The correct method is to press one side of the nostril with your fingers, luck in stages, and the pressure should not be too large. After blowing one side, blow the other side.
Cold, rhinitis, pharyngitis ignored
Sinusitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis should not be underestimated, they can spread to form secretory otitis media. Secretory otitis media is characterized by ear fullness and hearing loss as the main symptoms, but this otitis media does not cause pus, and the ear pain is not obvious, so it is easy to be ignored.